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In the Islamic intellectual tradition, the concept of necessity of cause and effect in an event is different from the Western paradigm. In fact, it has been recorded very clearly in a lengthy discussion between al-Ghazali and several other philosophers, such as al-Farabi, Ibn Sina or Ibn Rusyd. Al-Ghazali doubted the theory by asking a few questions; like is it true that causality is causal ? Or is every fact in this theory must and must happen. If this is so, will this be the true fact of an event? This study is a type of library, trying to explore al-Ghazali’s views concerning the concept of causality in one of his major works, "Tahāfut al-Falāsifah.”
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